1.        Definition of Narrative
    Narrative is a text focusing specific participants which tells an interesting story. Its social function is to tell stories or past events and entertain or amuse the readers.


Example of narrative text

The Story of Sangkuriang and Tangkuban Perahu Mountain

Once, there was a kingdom in Priangan Land. Lived a happy family. They were a father in form of dog,his name is Tumang, a mother which was called is Dayang Sumbi, and a child which was called Sangkuriang.
One day, Dayang Sumbi asked her son to go hunting with his lovely dog, Tumang. After hunting all day, Sangkuriang began desperate and worried because he hunted no deer. Then he thought to shot his own dog. Then he took the dog liver and carried home.
Soon Dayang Sumbi found out that it was not deer lever but Tumang’s, his own dog. So, She was very angry and hit Sangkuriang’s head. In that incident, Sangkuriang got wounded and scar then cast away from their home.
Years go bye, Sangkuriang had travel many places and finally arrived at a village. He met a beautiful woman and felt in love with her. When they were discussing their wedding plans, The woman looked at the wound in Sangkuriang’s head. It matched to her son’s wound who had left severall years earlier. Soon she realized that she felt in love with her own son.
She couldn’t marry him but how to say it. Then, she found the way. She needed a lake and a boat for celebrating their wedding day. Sangkuriang had to make them in one night. He built a lake. With a dawn just moment away and the boat was almost complete. Dayang Sumbi had to stop it. Then, she lit up the eastern horizon with flashes of light. It made the cock crowed for a new day.
Sangkuriang failed to marry her. She was very angry and kicked the boat. It felt over and became the mountain of Tangkuban Perahu Bandung.

Indicator :

ü  mampu membaca nyaring serta mengidentifikasi teks narrative dengan pengucapan yang tepat.

ü  Mengidentifikasi susunan unsur kalimat dalam wacana narrative : reported speech, adjective.

  1. 2.                  Definition of descriptive

Descriptive text is a text which say what a person or a thing is like. Its purpose is to describe and reveal a particular person, place, or thing.

Example of descriptive text

Borobudur Temple


Borobudur is Hindu – Budhist temple. It was build in the nineth century under Sailendra dynasty of ancient Mataram kingdom. Borobudur is located in Magelang, Central Java, Indonesia.


Borobudur is well-known all over the world. Its construction is influenced by the Gupta architecture of India. The temple is constructed on a hill 46 m high and consist of eight step like stone terrace. The first five terrace are square and surrounded by walls adorned with Budist sculpture in bas-relief. The upper three are circular.


Each of them is with a circle of bell shape-stupa. The entire adifice is crowned by a large stupa at the centre at the centre of the top circle. The way to the summit extends through some 4.8 km of passage and starways. The design of borobudur which symbolizes the structure of universe influences temples at Angkor, Cambodia.


Borobudur temple which is rededicated as an Indonesian monument in 1983 is a valuable treasure for Indonesian people.


Indicator :

Setelah menyelesaikan pelajaran menulis jenis teks descriptive ini, peserta didik diharapkan mampu:

1. Mengekspresikan gagasan utama (main idea) teks descriptive ;

2. Memberikan keterangan tambahan yang rinci dari topik bahasan;

3. Menggunakan kata-kata dan frase-frase untuk mengekspresikan gagasannya;

4. Menggunakan tata bahasa tertentu (grammar) untuk menyusun kalimat yangbaik;

5. Menggunakan tata cara penulisan (mechanics) yang benar untuk memenuhi tujuan penulisan .

3. Definition of procedure text

Procedure is a text that show a process in order. Its social function is to describe how something is completely done through a sequence of series.


Example of procedure text :



How to make mango juice



  • a piece of mango
  • a half glass of water
  • a glass of ice pack
  • a spoon of sugar


  1. First, peel the mango and clean it
  2. Next, cut the mango into pieces and put them into the juicer
  3. Then, put the water, ice and sugar
  4. After that turn on the juice and wait about 15 seconds
  5. Finally, pour the mango juice into the glass and ready to drink


                    Indicator in teaching  procedure text

                    ·  Merespon informasi dalam teks lisan monolog berbentuk  prosedur.

                 ·  Menentukan ciri kebahasaan teks yang didengar.

·  Menentukan fungsi komunikasi teks yang didengar.







  1. 4.       Definition of recount text


Recount is a text which retells events or experiences in the past. Its purpose is either to inform or to entertain the audience. There is no complication among the participants and that differentiates from narrative


Example of recount text

There were so many places to see in Bali that my friend decided to join the tours to see as much as possible. My friend stayed in Kuta on arrival. He spent the first three days swimming and surfing on Kuta beach. He visited some tour agents and selected two tours. The first one was to Singaraja, the second was to Ubud. On the day of the tour, he was ready.

My friend and his group drove on through mountains. Singaraja is a city of about 90 thousands people. It is a busy but quiet town. The street are lined with trees and there are many old Dutch houses. Then they returned very late in the evening to Kuta.

The second tour to Ubud was a very different tour. It was not to see the scenery but to see the art and the craft of the island. The first stop was at Batubulan, a center of stone sculpture. There my friend watched young boys were carving away at big blocks of stone. The next stop was Celuk, a cente for silversmiths and goldensmiths. After that he stopped a little while for lunch at Sukawati and on to mass. Mass is a tourist center My friend ten-day-stay ended very quickly beside his two tour, all his day was spent on the beach. He went sailing or surfboarding every day. He was quiet satisfied.



                             Indicator of recount text


  • Merespon informasi dalam teks lisan monolog berbentuk  recount.
  • Menentukan ciri kebahasaan teks yang didengar.
  • Menentukan fungsi komunikasi teks yang didengar.



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